Administração Trump – Make the World Multipolar Again
PDF

Keywords

unipolarity
unipolar power
legitimacy
Trump administration

How to Cite

Mota, J. (2020). Administração Trump – Make the World Multipolar Again. Political Observer | Revista Portuguesa De Ciência Política, (13), 17-32. https://doi.org/10.33167/2184-2078.RPCP2020.13/pp.17-32

Abstract

This paper is an analysis of the consequences of US foreign policy since the beginning of Trump term. To do so, it initially uses concepts and theoretical notions that do not come in shock with the basic realist premises, we intend to highlight the necessary and singular conditions that allow to explain the unipolar moment. Then one analyses Trump’s foreign policy towards American allies and, taking the theoretical concepts from the first part of the paper, analyses the consequences.

https://doi.org/10.33167/2184-2078.RPCP2020.13/pp.17-32
PDF

References

Allison, G. (2017). Destined for War: can America and China escape Thucydides’s Trap? (G.Allison, Ed.) (1aEdição). Londres: Sribe Publications.

Bull, H. (1977). The Anarchical Society A Study of Order in World Politics (1st ed.). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Buzan, B., & Hansen, L. (2009). The Evolution of International Security Studies (1a). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Calculli, M. (2018). Mirage of Retrenchment: Obama and the Syrian Conflict. In M. Clementi, M. Dian, & B. Pisciotta (Eds.), US Foreign Policy in a Challenging World Building Order on Shifting Foundations (pp. 279–297). Springer.

Clarck, I. (2005). Legitimacy in International Society (1st ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.

Daalder, I. H., & Lindsay, J. M. (2018). The Committee to Save the World Order America’s Allies Must Step Up as America Steps Down. Foreign Affairs, 97(6), 72–83.

Fukuyama, F. (1992). The end of History and the Last Man. New York: Macmillan.

Gordon, P. (2017). A Vision of Trump at War How the President Could Stumble Into Conflict. Foreign Affairs, 96(3),10–19.

Hennigan, W. J. (2018, December 20). The U.S. Will Withdraw From Syria. No One’s Sure What Comes Next. TIME. Retrieved from http://time.com/5484972/donald-trump-syria-withdrawal/

Hikotani, T. (2017). Trump’s Gift to Japan Time for Tokyo to Invest in the Liberal Order. Foreign Affairs, 96(5), 21–27.

Huntington, S. P. (1996). O Choque das Civilizações e a Mudança na Ordem Mundial (4aEdição). Lisboa: Gradiva Publicações, S. A., 2002.

Jervis, R. (1988). The Political Effects of Nuclear Weapons A Comment. International Security, 13(No.2), 80–90.

Kay, J. (2017). Trudeau’s Trump Bump How a Smaller America Gives Canada Room to Grow. Foreign Affairs, 96(5), 35–42.

Kenneth Neal Waltz – The Physiocrat of International Politics. (2011). Retrieved May 10, 2018, from http://www.theory-talks.org/2011/06/theory-talk-40.html

Kissinger, H. (2014). A Ordem Mundial Reflexões sobre o Carácter das Nações e o Curso da História. (D. Quixote, Ed.) (1a). Alfragide: Grupo LeYa.

Lake, D. A. (2018). International Legitimacy Lost? Rule and Resistance When America Is First. Perspectives on Politics, 16(1), 6–21. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1537592717003085

Landler, M., Cooper, H., & Schmitt, E. (2018, December 19). Trump Withdraws U.S. Forces From Syria, Declaring ‘We Have Won Against ISIS.’ The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/19/us/politics/trump-syria-turkey-troopwithdrawal.html

Mahan, A. (1890). The Influence of Sea Power Upon History 1660-1783. The Project Gutenberg eBook.

Mandelbaum, M. (2016). Mission Failure America and the World in the Post-Cold War Era (1st ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.

Mandelbaum, M. (2017). Pay Up, Europe What Trump Gets Right About NATO. Foreign Affairs, 96(5), 108–115.

Mastanduno, M. (1997). Preserving the Unipolar Moment: Realist Theories and U.S. Grand Strategy after the Cold War. International Security, 21(No. 4), 49–88.

McFaul, M. (2018). Russia as It Is A Grand Strategy for Confronting Putin. Foreign Affairs, 97(No.4), 82–92.

Mearsheimer, J. J. (1990). Back to the Future: Instability after Cold War. International Security,15(1), 5–56. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2538981

Mearsheimer, J. J. (2001). The Tragedy of Great Power Politics (1a). New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

Mearsheimer, J. J. (2006). China’s Unpeaceble Rise. Current History, 160–162.

Mearsheimer, J. J. (2014). Why the Ukraine Crisis Is the West’s Fault The Liberal Delusions That Provoked Putin. Foreign Affairs, 93(No.5). Retrieved from https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/russia-fsu/2014-08-18/why-ukraine-crisis-west-s-fault

Mearsheimer, J. J., & Walt, S. (2016). The Case for Offshore Balancing. Foreign Affairs, 95(No.4). Retrieved from https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-states/2016-06-13/case-offshore-balancing

Monteiro, N. P. (2013). Waltz e a unipolaridade americana, 25–33.

Monteiro, N. P. (2014). Theory Of Unipolar Politics. Cambridge University Press.

Mueller, J. (2018). Nuclear Weapons don’t Matter But Nuclear Hysteria Does. Foreign Affairs, 97(No.6), 10–16.

Nougayrède, N. (2017). France’s Gamble As America retreats, Macron Steps Up. Foreign Affairs, 96(5), 2–8.

Pisciotta, B. (2018). The US-Russia Conflict in the Ukrainian Crisis: Unipolarism Versus Revisionism? In M. Clementi, M. Dian, & B. Pisciotta (Eds.), US Foreign Policy in a Challenging World Building Order on Shifting Foundations (1st ed., pp. 187–213). Springer.

Pompeo, M. R. (2018). Confronting Iran The Trump Administration’s Strategy. Foreign Affairs, 97(No.6), 60–72.

Posen, B. R. (2018). The Rise of Illiberal Hegemony Trump’s Surprising Grand Strategy. Foreign Affairs, 97(2), 20–28.

Sachs, J. D. (2018). A New Foreign Policy Beyond American Exceptionalism. New York: Columbia University Press.

Schweller, R. (2018). The Trump Administration’s Strategy. Foreign Affairs, 97(No.5), 133–144.

Seversky, A. (1943). Victory Through Air Power. Garden City Pub. Co.

Theil, S. (2017). Berlin’s Balancing Act Merkel Needs Trump—but also Needs to Keep Her Distance. Foreign Affairs, 96(5), 9–16.

Waltz, K. (1993). The Emerging Structure of International Politics. International Security, 18(2), 44–79. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2626772

Waltz, K. (2000). Structural realism after the Cold War. International Security, 25(1), 5–41. https://doi.org/10.1162/016228800560372

Waltz, K. (2012). Why Iran should get the bomb. Foreign Affairs, 91(No4).

Waltz, K. N. (1979). Teoria das Relações Internacionais. (G. Valente, Ed.) (3a Edição:). Lisboa: Gradiva Publicações, S. A., 2002.

Wendt, A. (1992). Anarchy is what states make of it: the social constructs of power politics. International Organization, 46(02), 391–425. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0020818300027764

Wohlforth, W. (1999). The Stability of a Unipolar World. International Security, 24(1), 5–41.

Yarhi-Milo, K. (2018). After Credibility American Foreign Policy in the Trump Era. Foreign Affairs, 97(1), 68–77.

At the moment of the article submission, it is required to the author(s) declare to agree with the conditions and norms of Political Observer - Revista Potuguesa de Ciência Política, as well as guaranteeing the inedited and original character of the text submitted to scientific evolution. Thus, the author(s) declare to accept the instructions and conditions of publication of the journal, sharing with this the author’s rights, respecting the duties of copyright and ceding to the journal the rights over the first publication of the text in its printed and digital version.

The partial or integral publication and sharing of the text (in institutional repositories, book chapters, periodical publications, social media and professional platforms in the areas of science and research, among others) determines the quotation of the initial publication in the journal and the hyperlinking to the website of Political Observer - Revista Potuguesa de Ciência Política, resorting, to that effect, to the available information in the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) system.

Political Observer incentives the sharing and distribution of the work published by the authors in the journal, raising the impact factors and the number of registered quotes, this way contributing to an open (https://www.ciencia-aberta.pt/) and accessible science (http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/portals-and-platforms/goap/open-science-movement/).