Given recent changes in the political leadership of Muslim societies, it can be difficult to follow who got which hand on women’s issues, let alone just how women’s issues figure in political speeches from the Liberal to the most conservative. Meanwhile, when it comes to the laws and regulations on women’s issues, not much has been done to empower women to decide what is best for them. It’s only an appealing matter to discuss more or less, depending on the political need, while recent reports describe the city of Cairo as one of the least safe cities for women. Following the Arab Spring, which pushed many to reconsider the fight for democracy and human rights, socio-economic conditions have been worsening for both men and women, with those in the latter category suffering the most. We may find it challenging to track improvements in the area of women’s rights as long as the same old-new religious speech calls on women to keep their faith and patience for God’s sake, for a better future for their body, and for the dignity of their mind and soul. This paper discusses the current status of women’s rights in Muslim societies and how policy processes are informed by religious justification.
Abdelsalam, A. A. (2006). Gender & Sexuality: islamic perspective. SARI, 24(2), 35-48. Retrieved from <http://journalarticle.ukm.my/1075/1/Gender_and_Sexuality_-_An_Islamic_Perspective.pdf (accessed 16th of June, 2017)>.
Almogharbel, N. (2016). Women in the sustainable development strategy Egypt vision: 2030. Egypt Network for Integrated Development (ENID). Retrieved from (accessed 21st of July, 2017).
Arab Urban Development Institute (AUDI). (2004). Vulnerable children in Egypt: Status, problems, needs & services offered (Final Report). Arab Urban Development Institute (AUDI). Retrieved from <http://www.araburban.com/files/file/DataBase/CYP/13/Alexandria.pdf> (accessed 17th of June, 2017).
Badawi, A. J. (1995). Gender equity in Islam. World Assembly of Muslim Youth. Retrieved from <http://www.jannah.org/sisters/genderequity.pdf> (accessed 16th of June, 2017).
Bahrami., Z. & Raftari, H. (2011). Gender equality according to Islam & Feminism. International Proceedings of Economics Development and Research, 5(2), 492-496. Retrieved from <http://www.ipedr.com/vol5/no2/109-H10263.pdf> (accessed 16th of June, 2017).
Bint Younis, Z. (2016). Women, men and intellectual deficiency. Al-Jumah. Retrieved from <http://aljumuah.com/women-men-and-intellectual-deficiency/> (accessed 21st of July, 2017).
Committee of Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women. (2010). Concluding observation of forms of discrimination against women. Forty Fifth sessions. Retrieved from <http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/cedaw/docs/co/CEDAW-C-EGY-CO-7.pdf> (accessed 17th of June, 2017).
Doredy, A. (2014). Summary: Ibn Tymia The legitimate Policy to Reform the Governor & the Governed. Retrieved from <http://www.feqhup.com/uploads/1395732510181.pdf> (accessed 21st of July, 2017).
Egyptian Center for Women’s Rights (ECWR). (2012). Report on Egyptian women condition in 2012: Women get out to the streets. Egyptian Center for Women’s Rights. Retrieved from http://ecwronline.org/?p=1743 (accessed 21st of July, 2017). ElBehary, H. (2017).
Al-Azhar to issue document to stand up for women’s rights in Islam. Egypt Independent. Retrieved from http://www.egyptindependent.com/al-azhar-issue-document-stand-women-s-rights-islam/ (accessed 17th of June, 2017).
Egypt Network for Integrated Development. (2015). Women participation in paid Employment is a matter of policy not a mere ideology. USA: University of Minnesota. Retrieved from <http://www.enid.org.eg/uploads/pdf/PB22_women_employment_assaad.pdf> (accessed 17th of June, 2017).
EuroMedRights. (2017). Egypt: report situation for violence against women. EuroMedRights. Retrieved from <http://www.euromedrights.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/Factsheet-2017-VAW-Egypt-EN.pdf> (accessed 17th of June, 2017).
Kumar, R. (2012). Domestic violence and mental health. Delhi Psychiatry Journal. 15(2). Retrieved from <http://medind.nic.in/daa/t12/i2/daat12i2p274.pdf> (accessed 5th July, 2017).
Oraby, D., & Abdeltawab, N. (2016). Understanding married women’s vulnerability to HIV infection in Egypt: An exploratory study. Population Council. Retrieved from <https://www.popcouncil.org/uploads/pdfs/2016RH_WomensVulnerabilityHIV-Egypt.pdf> (accessed 15th July, 2017).
Roushdy, R., & Sieverding, M. (2015). Panel survey of young people in Egypt 2014: Generating evidence for policy, programs, and research. Cairo: Population Council. Retrieved from <https://www.popcouncil.org/uploads/pdfs/2015PGY_SYPE-PanelSurvey.pdf> (accessed 17th of June, 2017).
Sadek, G. (2016). Egypt: sexual violence against women. Global Law Research Center. Retrieved from <https://www.loc.gov/law/help/sexual-violence-against-women/sexual-violence-against-women-egypt.pdf> (accessed 17th of June, 2017).
Social Fund for Development. (2016). Women & microenterprises. Social Fund for Development. Retrieved from <http://www.sfdegypt.org/web/sfd/women-andmicrofinance-projects;jsessionid=7CA42C62EB0DFAB41C8C80577A46D897> (accessed 17th of July, 2017).
Somach, S., & Abouzeid, G. (2009). Egypt violence against women study. United States Agency for International Development. Retrieved from <http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/Pnadq891.pdf> (accessed 16th of July, 2017).
Sonneveld, N. (2000). The implementation of the Khul Law in Egypt: some preliminary results. Recht Van de Islam, 21, 21-35. Retrieved from <http://www.verenigingrimo.nl/wp/wp-content/uploads/recht21_sonneveld.pdf> (accessed 17th of June, 2017).
Stowasser, B. (1994). Women in Qura’n: Traditions & interpretations. NY: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from <http://www.islamicbulletin.org/free_downloads/women/women_in_the_quran.pdf> (accessed 17th of June, 2017).
Swiss Development Cooperation. (2013). Fact Sheet: violence against women, a missing MDG. Women Living Under Muslim Laws. Retrieved from <http://www.wluml.org/sites/wluml.org/files/resource_en_225610.pdf> (accessed 17th of June, 2017).
The Arab Republic of Egypt. (2017). The Cabinet line-up. The Cabinet. Retrieved from <http://www.cabinet.gov.eg/Arabic/Cabinet/TheCabinetLineup/Pages/TheCabinetLineup.aspx> (accessed 21st of July, 2017).
Tucker, J. (2008). Women, family & gender in Islamic law. Themes in Islamic Law. Cambridge. Retrieved from <http://ebook.umaha.ac.id/E-BOOK%20OF%20ISLAM/ ISLAMIC%20LAW/%5BJudith_E._Tucker%5D_Women,_Family,_and_Gender_in_ Is(BookFi.org).pdf> (accessed 16th of June, 2017).
Ummah O. Surat Al Ra’dd. Verse 11. Retrieved from <https://www.oneummah.net/quran/book/13.html> (accessed 16th July, 2017).
UNAIDS. (2014). Global AIDs response report. UNAIDS. Retrieved from <http://files.unaids.org/en/media/unaids/contentassets/documents/unaidspublication/2014/UNAIDS_Gap_report_en.pdf> (accessed 17th of June, 2017).
United Nations Development Program. (2015). Human Development report. United Nations Development Programme-Human Development Reports. Retrieved from <http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2015_human_development_report_1.pdf> (accessed 17th of June, 2017).
United Nations for Women. (1979). Text of the Convention. United Nations. Retrieved from <http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/cedaw.htm> (accessed 17th of June, 2017).
United Nations for Women. (1981). Declarations, reservations and objections to CEDAW. United Nations. Retrieved from <http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/reservations-country.htm> (accessed 17th of June, 2017).
At the moment of the article submission, it is required to the author(s) declare to agree with the conditions and norms of Political Observer - Revista Potuguesa de Ciência Política, as well as guaranteeing the inedited and original character of the text submitted to scientific evolution. Thus, the author(s) declare to accept the instructions and conditions of publication of the journal, sharing with this the author’s rights, respecting the duties of copyright and ceding to the journal the rights over the first publication of the text in its printed and digital version.
The partial or integral publication and sharing of the text (in institutional repositories, book chapters, periodical publications, social media and professional platforms in the areas of science and research, among others) determines the quotation of the initial publication in the journal and the hyperlinking to the website of Political Observer - Revista Potuguesa de Ciência Política, resorting, to that effect, to the available information in the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) system.
Political Observer incentives the sharing and distribution of the work published by the authors in the journal, raising the impact factors and the number of registered quotes, this way contributing to an open (https://www.ciencia-aberta.pt/) and accessible science (http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/portals-and-platforms/goap/open-science-movement/).